As many of you know, I have a collection of about 1000 chess books and am particularly interested in chess books on the history of the game and on teaching young players. To that end, I will be starting to put up reviews sometime in the next few weeks/months. If anyone is interested in writing a review for the site, please let me know.
Ignaz Kolisch is more apt to make a list of forgotten world-class players, despite his sharply aggressive style of play and his involvement in the chess community as a player and sponsor. What little is remembered seems to be his pension for extremely sharp-tactical play and that he became extremely rich, eventually buying himself the title of Baron. Fabrizio Zavatarelli's Ignaz Kolisch: The Life and Chess Career attempts to highlight not only Kolisch’s exciting and imaginative play, but also demonstrate that chess helped him to become a noted financier.
Little is known about Kolisch’s early life, so the reader gets to his games before page ten. Most of the games included in the book, 224 out of 324 in total, take place between a match with Adolph Anderson in April, 1860 and a match with Samuel Rosenthal in November, 1864. In reviewing Kolisch’s various matches, Zavatarelli is able to introduce the reader to many of the European players of the 1860s, such as Anderson, Thomas Worrall, Louis Paulsen, and Rosenthal. The Paulsen match is by far the longest and receives, not surprisingly, the most substantial coverage. There were thirty-one games played in this ultimately drawn match. It was agreed that the first player to ten wins would be the victor of the match. However, the players were similarly skilled so in the end, Paulsen had a small lead with 7 wins, 6 losses, and 18 draws.
All of the games included are covered in an interesting and instructive way. The analysis opens with annotations coming from contemporary sources. Then, at the end of each game there’s a section called More Focus, and Zavatarelli (with the help of Fritz 11) adds a few more notes, mostly explanations of tactical shots that were overlooked by the players. Finally, almost all of the games contain a diagram of a key position.
Kolisch’s most significant tournament performance came in the Tournament of Paris in the summer of 1867, where he surprisingly finished first, ahead of both Szymon Winawer and Wilhelm Steinitz (who was the eventual world champion). From here, already most of the way through the book, Zavaterelli turns to Kolisch’s later games and book contains less than 30 games over his last 22 years. Three of them are the games against the Prince of Mingrelia, that appeared only after Kolisch’s death, and showed the young Mingrelian upsetting Kolisch in all three games. There’s speculation that they may not have occurred as given, if at all. Several of these later games were consultation or blindfold games. The short correspondence match, just two games played between June 1872 and April 1874, between the cities of London and Vienna are the most thoroughly analyzed games of the book. Zavaterelli uses these games to demonstrate an evolution in chess theory. It goes from Kolisch’s swashbuckling style, used by the Vienna team to the more scientific and successful approach of Steinitz and his supporters, who represented London. Kolish’s “Financial Takeoff” culminates in spending almost $2,000,000 to buy his barony, but barely covers a couple of pages.
The backmatter here is not as significant as in most of the McFarland biographies. This is not a substantial problem, except for the lack of endnotes. The bibliography is certainly ample and a good place for fellow researchers to begin work on other nineteenth-century chess figures.
Thus, Zavatarelli provides a book full of interesting games of a creative and too often forgotten player; but, no one is going to learn how to get rich from this book.
This book can be purchased from McFarland by going to www.mcfarlandpub.com or by calling 800-253-2187.
In the discussion of American chess champions of the 19th century, everyone knows Paul Morphy and most know Jackson Showalter, but few know Samuel Lipschutz. Stephen Davies, Samuel Lipschutz: A Life in Chess, is another in the growing line of biographies by McFarland, and aims to correct this common gap in collective knowledge.
Lipschutz, a Hungarian, came to the United States as a teenager in 1880. In just a little over a decade, Lipschutz represented the United States in a British tournament (1886), became New York State Champion (1887), became the best American performer at the famed Sixth American Chess Congress (1889); and won the United States Championship, beating Jackson Showalter, in 1892.
His health problems, primarily tuberculosis, began around 1886 and became more pronounced by the 1890s.Unfortunately this forced him to leave New York City for warmer, cleaner, Western climates. In 1895, Lipschutz was back in New York, even playing a game in the first year of the famed New York City Metropolitan Chess League. In 1897, he lost a return-match to Showalter, who had become United States Champion again when Lipshultz was not healthy enough to defend his title. He played fewer events as his health deteriorated. However, he won the Sexangular Tournament of 1900 in a clear first-place victory over 5 others, including 3 United States Champions. His last published game was a consultation cable game for the Manhattan Chess Club, where they were victorious over the Havana club that had Jose Capablanca playing for them. In 1904, Lipshutz moved to Hamburg, Germany, for medical treatment and died on November 30, 1905.
The games, 249 in all, range from informal bouts to matches for the national championship and premier tournaments. The games largely keep the annotations of the day, but Davies also includes a few of his own, that he worked out with the help of Fritz 13. Most games receive about a page of analysis. There are also a fair number of diagrams and line drawings of some of the players included.
The backmatter for this biography covers the expected material with nicely constructed indexes and appendices. Davies used newspapers extensively in his research, especially for his game analysis, and so it is not surprising that his list of newspapers used is even longer than his list of books. The lack of endnotes makes connecting text to the source more difficult, but since Davies regularly includes the name of his sources in the text, itis possible to make the connections with some effort.
All and all, a nice biography of a player too often ignored by the chess community and American chess historians.
This book can be purchased from McFarland by going to www.mcfarlandpub.com or by calling 800-253-2187.
Tim Harding’s Joseph Henry Blackburne: A Chess Biography is another offering in McFarland’s growing line of chess biographies. Harding, a noted historian, also wrote McFarland’s book Eminent Victorian Chess Players, which includes Blackburne as one of ten covered players.
Harding begins by stating the book is a “full biography and game collection,” but then proceeds to lay out the difficulties of constructing a full biography; lack of “voice” from no personal papers, interviews that were sparse and not always accurate, many games missing, and results could be unreliable even when the tournament books were completed as they were sometimes inaccurate. While it is certainly admirable to help readers understand the difficulties in finding games from over a century ago, phrases such as “Newspaper coverage was very disappointing, being overshadowed by the war …” (p. 492), seem to reinforce the stereo-type of chess players and chess authors as myopic; to voice resentment over a few missing game scores because the world was preparing for battle (by the end of World War I, millions lost their lives.)
There are commonly two lines of thought concerning chess games in biographies. One is to collect them all for inclusion, either spread throughout or collected in an appendix. The other approach is that since there are databases, the author needs only to provide a “few” games to enhance the narrative. Since Harding is trying to provide a full game collection, he clearly falls into the first category. There are an astonishing 1184 games sprinkled throughout the book (a few are numbered but have a missing score), which is many more than any database had before this book. Many of the games were analyzed by contemporary sources and/or by Harding.
Oddly, for one so interested in finding Blackburne’s games, Harding does not provide the reader with a great deal of context surrounding the games. A tournament table, especially a progressive one, would help the reader better understand the situation in which a particular game was played. This point aside, the narrative is quite complete given the challenges Harding had in obtaining source material and his bibliography has a reasonable depth that makes it clear he certainly did not miss any obvious sources.
The backmatter in this book, much like Harding’s previous book, is significant and generally quite good. The first appendix records how Blackburne performed in terms of wins/losses for many tournaments. This is fine, but it would be definitely better with a list of how the Blackburne placed overall in the tournament standings. The best appendices are the fourth, a group of interviews that Blackburne gave over the course of his lifetime and the sixth, Blackburne’s articles on the best games of chess ever played.
Harding’s biography is an excellent in-depth study of one of the late nineteenth century’s most creative players, especially given the many difficulties the biographer faced.
This book can be purchased from McFarland by going to www.mcfarlandpub.com or by calling 800-253-2187.
Alex Dunne’s The United States Junior Open Chess Championship, 1946 – 2016 is a multi-year tournament history, along the same vein as McFarland’s The United States Chess Championship, 1845 – 2011 by Andy Soltis. Dunne’s work “is an attempt to salvage what remains of the early games of these youthful great players [Arthur Bisguier, Larry Evans, Yasser Seirawan, and Bobby Fischer] and give a touch of renewed life to these nearly forgotten tournaments” (p.1). This is an important and useful goal as records from even 30 years ago are surprisingly often lacking. This is true not only of game scores, but even full tournament results.
It is clear that Dunne has a great love for the US Junior Open tournament. As we learn in the coverage from the 1956 event, this was his first tournament experience. For each year, he provides as many of the results he could find. Then he highlights a few of the players in each year’s event briefly, noting their most significant accomplishments. One game was selected from that year’s champion to be included for review. The analysis is direct and without long or involved variations.
There are a number of minor errors, such as a player’s name being changed from Stephen to Steven, or the 1996 event having 133 players rather than the 14 reported. Sometimes the information for players is repetitive, such as for Bernard Zuckerman. Though the effort is intended to save records from the tournament from being lost to chess history, some of the handling of voids within the records is not ideal. For example, when the winner of the tournament didn’t have any games available from the event, a game from that player was chosen from a different event for inclusion. This seems an odd choice for a book designed to celebrate this specific tournament, rather than choosing a different game that was available from the event.
The lack of a bibliography for the book is frustrating. There are questions raised when reading the book where games could not be found or results were lost. One can’t help but wonder which sources were reviewed and others perhaps missed. I found myself asking: did he check these state papers or a particular source in the White Collection (Cleveland Public Library, Ohio)? Were interviews conducted to tap into personal records of past tournament participants as potential resources?
Though it is not perfect, it is a good continuation of the type of work started by the Soltis’ book, providing the reader with a little introduction to an interesting, and often over looked event. For those who enjoy tournament books and books on the history of United States chess it is recommended.
In the interest of full disclosure, I will note that I am mentioned in the book preface and know numerous people who participated in the events described, considering several to be friends.
Like many McFarland biographies, this book attempts to examine the life of one of chess’ great players. Unlike some of McFarland’s recent books, this one makes no attempt to cover all of his games. Instead, Sanchez focuses on incorporating various novel sources, many originally written in Spanish. This is especially true for the research on the often ignored familial background and very early life of Capablanca.
The book actually begins before Capablanca’s birth by setting up the chess scene in Havana, Cuba in the 1800’s and explaining his familial background. Capablanca’s first big match was when he was 12 – 13, with Juan Corzo. Unlike most of the events covered in the book, all 14 games from this match are included.
After the Corzo match, Sanchez then examines Capablanca’s first trip to New York where he attended school and significantly strengthened his chess skills. While in New York, Capablanca played his famous match against Frank Marshall and participated in numerous tournaments. Many of the tournaments, such as New York 1911 (p. 136) have a cross-table provided in the text, while the match scores are placed in the back of the book.
Following Capablanca’s time in New York, the book chronicles his trip to Europe - “following in Morphy’s footsteps” and the numerous tournament opportunities across the continent. Sadly, he was forced to return to the US in 1914 to escape the war raging in Europe, which caused difficulties with staying in good practical form without strong competition available. After the war ended, Capablanca not surprisingly, won the championship in 1921 but then, unexpectedly, lost his title in 1927. After this devastating loss, the Ex-World Champion struggled with difficulties executing his game consistently. However, there were occasional bright spots, such as a remarkable year in 1936, when he wins both the Margate and Nottingham tournaments. The last two chapters focus primarily on his ailing health, often using it to explain poor performance, such as in the AVRO 1938 tournament.
There are about 200 games in total included in the book. Some of the selected games don’t have analysis but those that do are often thoroughly annotated. Unfortunately, the provided analysis is often annotated with book citations that are listed in the game, but not listed in the bibliography. The appendices contain a reprint of Capablanca’s analysis of his four great predecessors and then goes on to include a unique article. Guest author, Dr. Orlando Hernandez-Meilan, Neurologist has written a piece on the illness and death of Capablanca. The remaining appendices include game indexes by opponent, opening, etc., is standard for McFarland works.
With the mass of chess books being produced these days, it is likely there will be another book about Capablanca before another 25 years goes by, but it is unlikely it will be this good.
H. E. Bird: A Chess Biography with 1,198 Games by Hans Renette is one of McFarland’s newest biographies. This book is the second to expand on a chapter from Tim Harding’s Eminent Victorian Chess Players: Ten Biographies. Tim Harding’s own book, Joseph Henry Blackburne: A Chess Biography, was the first chapter expanded into a book. It was published last year by McFarland and will be reviewed later in 2016 on this site. To quote the author, on page 3, “It is the wish of the author to re-immerse the reader in the world in which Bird lived and in which he was widely admired.”
This well researched monograph is divided into 12 parts, each part spanning a few years. The first part orients the reader to Henry Bird, including a brief family history. Renette opens each part with context from Bird’s life, then introduces the tournament or match to be covered and the games that were played during the event. About forty percent of the games are analyzed and often fairly deeply. The games frequently have some contemporary analysis mixed with a little current analysis from the author and unspecified computer programs. A typical example of this is game 786, the 13th game of the 1886 match between Bird and Amos Burn, found on page 363 - 364. The game was analyzed at length, mostly by World Champion William Steinitz in International Chess Magazine, shortly after the event. However, when current analysis finds Steinitz to be an error, Renette makes a point to state, “the actual continuation chosen by Bird appears to be the best…” The coverage of Bird’s most famous game, his win over James Mason in 1876, which won the first brilliancy prize, incorporates the notes of four sources plus Renette’s own comments.
As with all McFarland books, the quality of the publication is excellent. The use of scoring tables, line drawings of players, copies of documents, and photographs from the era draw you back in time. There are numerous Appendixes, Indexes, and a Bibliography, making it possible for the fellow researcher to easily locate any specific game or opponent they may be searching to find.
While an argument might be made that there isn’t quite enough narrative for the reader to feel truly re-immersed in Bird’s world, there is certainly enough narrative for the reader to not only enjoy Bird’s many games, but have a much better sense of the context in which they were played.
This book can be ordered online at www.mcfarlandpub.com or by calling their order line (800-253-2187).
Publisher: McFarland – www.mcfarlandpub.com – 800-253-2187
Between the mail box and the front door, I tore open the package and had begun to devour Chess Competitions, 1971 – 2010: An Annotated International Bibliography, compiled by Gino Di Felice. Even among chess journalists, historians, and collectors, most won’t have quite as excited a reaction as I did, but they should.
The book attempts to catalog all of the chess competitions – team and individual, over the board and correspondence – between 1971 and 2010. In the intro, Di Felice identifies this McFarland book as a sequel to Moravian Chess’ Chess Competitions, 1824 – 1970: An Annotated International Bibliography of Books, Bulletins, and Programs. Di Felice also admits that though the book contains 3,895 entries and 5,381 items, there are undoubtedly some items lost to history. There may be some missed tournament books, but I doubt many – the obscure (250 copies) Thirtieth Canadian Correspondence Chess Championship, 1974-5, for example, is included.
The book is divided into five sections:
1) Individual tournaments
2) Team tournaments
3) Individual matches
4) Team matches
5) Correspondence Chess
Each section has the books listed in a different manner. For instance, individual tournaments are listed by the city they take place in, while individual matches are listed by the last name of the winner. This could make it difficult to find some tournaments, such as the U.S. Championship, which used to move from city to city. Fortunately, the index in the back is done in order of the name of the event. This makes it much easier to find events that move around.
In this era, with so much information a few key strokes away, the key to a good reference work is whether it is easier and more useful than the internet – this one is! Many of Di Felice’s sources can be found on line, but a few, especially those involving Yugoslavian resources are only found in print. Also, major international events, such as an Interzonal or Olympiad may have books in several languages and with even the best chess libraries are likely to only have one or two of these sources.
As a final bonus, besides being a useful research tool, the book helps the chess book collector. Much to the concern of my wife, I now know that I will need a whole bookshelf just for the books on the 1972 Fischer – Spassky match as there are 136 of them!
Thinking with Chess: Teaching Children Ages 5-14, by Alexey W. Root, was published in 2012. The book is designed to help elementary and middle school teachers teach chess to children. Root is in a unique position to write this book as she is a Woman International Master (1989 U.S. Women’s Champion) with a Ph.D. in education from UCLA.
The book, while making an attempt to touch on almost every aspect of chess for kids, lays out a way for teachers to teach chess to children. Dr. Root suggests that the book can be used by other adults to teach kids, and it is very readable, so this is no doubt true, but jargon like divergent and convergent thinking, definitely suggests that target audience is indeed teachers.
As far as the work on the whole, it is very readable, with limited use of chess or educational jargon. There is a tendency to use large block quotes. While some don’t mind them, I know that others find them jarring and disruptive to the flow of the work. Dr. Root provides blank diagrams for teachers to use and a score sheet as well. Dr. Root might have chosen a score sheet that provided more room for little kids to write, but this is a very minor quibble.
My only qualm with the book is that the introduction of the extra little games, are all interesting, but there is no quantitative data on how the extra games help kids in chess or school. I don’t have a background in education, so I will trust Dr. Root’s expertise. With regard to the chess, I do have a bit more experience having taught hundreds of students. While this is not as many as the author, it is enough for me to feel confident that the methods I have used in the past have worked well. We can certainly all agree that chess helps kids academically, and Root does a fine job sighting various examples, but I am still curious how these specifics exercises will help kids develop academically or become better chess players. Presumably, someone, perhaps Root herself, is doing these studies now. I certainly look forward to reading these studies when they are finished.
Thus, I highly recommend this book to teachers who want to teach chess to students. It will certainly help teachers provide an added justification to school boards for why chess should be taught in their class room as well as provide teachers a useful step by step guide for teaching chess.One last note: This book has something that 99.99% of chess books are missing – bunnies! Dr. Root includes two pictures of her own rabbit, and as a reviewer with 5 of my own (to be fair, this is only because my wife is an awesome bunny mommy), I am happy to see them get some press as they make a great pet if you are willing to put in the 10 to 12 year commitment.